Dental Braces – Fix your Crooked or Misaligned Teeth
Dental braces are used to align a person’s teeth to make them according to the bite of a person. Along with the straightening of teeth, they also help in the correction of underbites, overbites, deep bites, open bites, cross bites, crooked teeth and a number of other similar dental problems of the teeth and the jaw. Braces can be both; structural and cosmetic.
Until some years ago, the only option for those who needed orthodontic treatment was the traditional grey metal braces. Today, several different types of orthodontic braces are available for the correction of malocclusion problems. All types of orthodontic braces are designed to enable the orthodontist to move teeth in three dimensions.
Patients can choose between classic stainless steel or gold (metal braces), ceramic or plastic (clear braces), or more modern braces systems (lingual braces, Invisalign, Self-Legating brackets).
Process of Application of Braces
This process shifts the teeth as a result of force as well as pressure. There are four elements are used in a traditional process of applying braces and they are- bonding material, brackets, arch wire, and O-ring also called ligature elastic. The teeth move to align in the direction in which the arch wire applies force. Springs and elastics are also used to apply pressure in specific directions.
Due to this force, over a period of time, teeth shift and align to the bite of the person. When the teeth move, bone remodelling takes place according to which, at the new position of the loose teeth, bone grows around it. Bone remodelling can be described as a biomechanical process that makes the bone strong in the case of load bearing and weak in case of no load bearing.
When pressure is applied to the teeth with the help of braces in a particular direction, the periodontal membrane also gets dragged in the same direction. This stretching of the membrane should be done slowly otherwise there is a risk of the patient losing their teeth. This is the reason why braces should are generally worn by patients for at least one year with regular adjustments every few weeks.
The first step into making braces for a particular patient is to take the impression of their teeth and then this impression is used to create custom braces as per the requirement and the adjustment needed by the patient.
Types of Dental Braces
Various types of dental braces offered by Lookswoow are covered below.
Traditional Braces– These consist of brackets, arch wire, and elastic bands. The wire can be made up of stainless steel or sometimes stainless steel combined with titanium. The arch wire is held onto the metal brackets with the help of elastic ties or rubber bands. The tension in the teeth can be increased by the tightening of the arch wire, which gradually shifts the teeth to the required position and give a straightened look. The desired results can be achieved by these traditional braces in one to three years with the regular tightening of the arch wire by the orthodontist every three to four weeks.
Gold Braces – gold-plated braces in combination with gold arch-wires are mostly chosen for their aesthetic appeal as they blend better with teeth. They also provide an alternative for patients allergic to nickel.
Ceramic braces – also known as clear braces they are made of a glass-like composite material and they are less noticeable than metal braces. Theis type of dental braces is suitable for patients concerned about their appearance, as the ceramic brackets are translucent blending with the natural tooth color, but they are much more expensive. However, ceramic brackets are also more brittle and prone to breakage, so they are not recommended for cases that require large pressures to move teeth.
Invisalign Braces– These are made of clear plastic or sometimes even ceramic and are used in a similar way as the traditional braces to align teeth. They are also considered as the cosmetic alternative to the traditional braces as they blend in easily with the natural colour of the teeth and are pretty much invisible. For the purpose of keeping these braces less conspicuous, clear elastic ties or rubber bands along with white metallic brackets are used. In these braces, the arch wire clips on to the metallic brackets without the help of ligatures and hence, these braces are self-ligating. Clear braces are more brittle as compared to their metallic counterparts as they have a higher value of the coefficient of friction.,/p>
Invisalign system braces can correct most orthodontic problems, as they are almost invisible and much less noticeable than classic metal braces. They are not recommended for severe malocclusions. Invisalign braces cause less problems with staining and mouth sores, and also help to maintain good oral hygiene as they can be removed easily during eating or brushing.
Lingual braces– These braces are another cosmetic option to the traditional metallic braces and also to the Invisalign braces. The lingual braces are attached behind the teeth along the tongue or the palate instead of in front of the teeth, hence, offering a more aesthetically pleasing option. The treatment of crooked or misaligned teeth by this option can take two to three years. These braces do have some disadvantages like they irritate the tongue and cause tenderness in it. But this soreness can be treated by using wax against the lower teeth. A lot of people also experience difficulty in enunciating or speaking clearly while wearing these lingual braces. But, for the most part, the patients get used to these braces and can later on, with practice learn to speak properly with these on.
However because of their placement in the inner side of teeth, the lingual dental braces come constantly in contact with the tongue, which could become uncomfortable, cause severe sores or cuts to the tongue, and cause difficulties in speech. Lingual dental braces are more expensive than traditional metal braces and require a specially trained orthodontist to the specific type of braces.
Self-Legating Brackets – These brackets are based on one of the modern technologies in orthodontics called ‘self-ligation’. For this reason they are also referred as ‘Self Ligating Braces’. Unlike classic braces, these brackets do not require ligatures or small bands that are usually used to keep the arch-wires in place. They offer a lower-friction solution to teeth straightening. The Damon brackets use a “sliding-door” technology that allows the wire to slide back and forth inside the bracket causing less friction. Therefore they are considered as more comfortable for the patient than the other types of dental braces. Also, these brackets offer faster orthodontic treatment time and smaller number of adjustments. Lookswoow Carries these braces in Metallic and Clear Brackets
Inman Aligners – The Inman Aligner is the perfect solution for crowding or protrusion of the front teeth. It is really fast, very safe and great value compared to other systems. With the patented Inman Aligner, your front teeth can be gently guided to an ideal position in a matter of weeks. Most cases complete in 6-16 weeks and because it’s removable you can take it out to fit with your lifestyle. However, Inman Aligners work on mild case cases only.
Which Braces Should I Choose?
After the orthodontic evaluation, the orthodontist will advise the patient on the possible treatment options for each individual’s needs. The severity of the malocclusion, expected treatment time and cost of treatment are the most important factors for deciding the type of dental braces to be used. Severe malocclusion problems may not be treated with Invisalign or ceramic braces. Other patients concerned about their appearance during treatment may prefer the less noticeable types of dental braces such as Invisalign, lingual braces or clear self-legating braces despite their higher cost.
How to take care of braces?
Despite wearing braces it is very important that the patient takes care of their oral hygiene as tooth decay can easily creep in. The following are some ways to keep your teeth healthy while wearing braces.
1. Brushing for a minimum of two minutes two times a day.
2. In order to brush and clean the gum line and the teeth, a soft and round-bristle toothbrush should be used.
3. Floss threader or an interproximal brush should be used to remove plaque and debris in the spaces between the teeth where normal brushing will not help.
4. Oral irrigation devices should be used in order to flush out food particles or debris stuck in the brackets of the braces and also, teeth.
5. A fluoride rinse or mouthwash should be used as they help to strengthen the teeth.